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Essays, Sketches and Illustrations of bygone Sussex

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4                             BYGONE SUSSEX.
Cinque Ports, of which Sussex claimed the Port of Hastings, the ancient towns of Rye and Win-chelsea, with those less noble members the towns of Pevensey and Seaford, and the five villages of Bulverhithe, Petit Shaw, Hidney, Beakesbourne, and Grange. The " barons of the Cinque Ports " were men of mark in the Middle Ages. They found ships for the defence of the empire. They had their own chancery, and at the coronation they bore aloft the silken canopy. Smuggling, the prohibited importation of brandy, tea, and other articles, and "owling" the prohibited exportation of wool or sheep were once great activities on the Sussex coast, but they are now happily as extinct as the Sussex iron-trade.
There are many names of interest associated with the county. " Many shires have done worthily," says Fuller, "but Sussex surmounteth them all, having bred five Archbishops of Canter­bury." These were John Peckham, Thomas Bradwardine, Thomas Arundell, and William Juxon. Sussex gave Percy Bysshe Shelley to English poetry, and John Selden to learning. The Howards, the Fiennes, the Sackvilles, the Pelhams, the Ashburnhams, the Percys, and the Montagues, are amongst its noble and gentle
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