40 BYGONE SUSSEX.
village." This passage, written for the Saturday Review in 1871, stands unaltered in the " Historical Essays" issued almost simultaneously with the death of the great scholar in 1892. There is, however, some reason to think that the Church was finished and that the nave was destroyed. Winchelsea was the object of various attacks on the part of the French, who came on errands of plunder and massacre in 1359, 1368, and 1449. By this time the sea was forsaking it. The intended glories of the Edwardian foundation failed of accomplishment. " Winchelsea," as Mr. Coventry Patmore has said, "is a town in a trance, a sunny dream of centuries ago : but Rye is a bit of the old world living pleasantly on in ignorance of the new."
Rye is situated in an exposed position, and for its protection the Ypres Tower was built by William D'Ypres, Earl of Kent, in the middle of the twelfth century. From this great watchtower the whole of the coast could be seen. In 1149, the town had a charter for walling and fortification. The receding of the waters afterwards exposed the north side of the town, and Edward completed its defence by the erection of a massive gateway, flanked by towers, and having nail-studded