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Essays, Sketches and Illustrations of bygone Sussex

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SUN-DIALS.                                  203
cross at the end, and divide the day into four parts. Each of these parts is divided again into three. In this way the twelve hours in the day are marked, etc., according to Roman usage, in combination, with the four tydes of the octaval system. History records that Eadric, a prince of the South Saxons, who was the son of Egbert, King of Kent, was living in a.d. 685, the year when Wilfrid departed from Sussex. If the name on the dial may be identified with that of this Saxon prince, the Bishopstone dial is more than twelve centuries old.
On the West Pier at Brighton there are six mottoes: "Umbra docet" (The Shadow teaches); " Hinc disce " (Hence learn); "Sine umbra nihil (Nothing is without shadow); " Tis always morning somewhere in the world" (a line from R. H. Home's "farthing epic" of Orion); and " Horas non numero nisi serenas" (/ count only the bright hours). In Helps's " Friends in Council" Ellesmere's criticism on the last phrase is "that for men the dial was either totally useless or utterly false." This same motto inspired Mr. Joseph Ellis to write his poem of
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