History Of Brighton And Environs - Online Book

From The Earliest Known Period To The Present Time.

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5
Harold's possessions,—Brighthelmstun and his other manors, having fallen into the hands of "William the Conqueror, the town with the rape of Lewes, to which was attached the Castle and its demesne, was conferred on his son-in-law and one of his generals,William, Lord of Warrenne in Normandy, afterwards created Earl of Surrey in England.
The South Saxon monarchy lasted about 320 years, during which the most memorable occurrence was the conversion of Adelwach to Christianity by Wilfrid, first Bishop of Sussex, in the year 650, as borne out by a reference to that remarkable and valuable work of antiquity, Domesday Book, which was begun in 1086, and compiled in six years : written in one handwriting on 380 double pages of vellum, and without doubt the most important and interesting document possessed by any nation in Europe. It is also remarkable that of the 63 Hundreds in the division of the County of Sussex one half of them retain the same names now as were inserted in this book. For a proof we shall enumerate the following in this neighbourhood, viz.:—
The Saxons divided the county into rapes, the latter peculiar to Sussex, a division strictly adhered to at the con­quest ; they are six in number, with their castles and respec­tive baronies, namely, Chichester, Arundel, Bramber, Lewes, Pevensey, and Hastings. Brighthelmstun is in the Hundred of Whalesbone and annexed to the Kape of Lewes: in Domesday Book this Hundred was called "Wellesmere, but in process of time,—most probably at the insti­tution of Constables, under Edward I., the boroughs of Preston and Patcham (in the Half Hundred of Dean) were
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