History Of Brighton And Environs - Online Book

From The Earliest Known Period To The Present Time.

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6
united to Brighthelmstun and composed a new Hundred, called Wellsbourne. The name is, without doubt, taken from the so-called well at Patcham: years since on the rising of the springs in the immediate neighbourhood, the well overflowed, and the water ran down the high road into the town,0 inundating in its progress the basements of the houses in its route, add crossing the Steine, into the sea (by means of the sewer hereafter spoken of as made by order of the Prince of Wales and Duke of Marlborough) Prior to the construction of the sewer there was a large pond opposite the Castle Tavern (corner of Castle Square) which overflowed down the valley, hence the name Pool Valley or Lane. The parish of Brighton is divided into Five Manors, but they are so intermixed that the boundaries can scarcely be traced. Brighthelmstun was of considerable importance, likewise, during the period of the occupation of this kingdom by the Roman legions, after the landing of Julius Caesar, as we find many traces of the same from the Castra or Camps in the neighbourhood, one of which was the Steine.
The Romans encamped on this spot,— so-called, — from being connected with stein or stone road­ways or pavements to the Metropolis. In all pro­bability one passed through the town of Steyning, traces of the same having been discovered at different times in the neighbourhood. There are other Roman en­campments lying in a -line from south to north, from the Brighton one, the first being at Hollingbury Castle, and the second at Ditchling beacon, on the summit of the South Downs, and a larger one about a mile and-a-half eastward and about a mile from the sea, all being enabled to signal to each other in cases of emergency.
A military Roman way was discovered a few years ago on St. John's Common, also in the enclosed lands
* January 11, 1811.—In consequence of the flooded state of the London Road, the coaches into Brighton from London were compelled to come into the town by way of Preston Drove and over the Church Hill.
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