History Of Brighton And Environs - Online Book

From The Earliest Known Period To The Present Time.

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Day," and in carrying out the foregoing arrangement, 78 of the class named attached their marks or signature to the document or signs, and the number that could not write their names amounted to 66. Consequently it will be found that at that period education had not made much progress amongst some of the principal inhabitants. The marks, signs, or characters of a large pro­portion named are of a novel kind, and it is conjectured by some antiquarians that they are the symbols of the trade or occupation of those who assented to the arrange­ment. This opinion is formed from the circumstance of Stoneham, the then Constable of the town, being a ship carpenter, and attaching a hatchet to his name, and for the same reason the supposition is that Oston, from his sign, was a butcher (it being a heart). Good, a wheel­wright (from a wheel), J. Ducarde (the younger), a husbandman, from his mark, a harrow, &c.
No record can be found in the annals of the parish relating to the relief of the poor prior to 1690, at which time existed a tenement for that purpose, situated in East Street. In the year 1727 the first mention is made of a workhouse being built,—in the toicn book, in Feb. 26,1727, "That a mortgage be effected on the workhouse to in­demnify Thomas Simmons in paying the moneys he made of the materials of the Block House to the Constable and Churchwardens, by them to be disbursed in payment of materials, and the workmen employed about building the "Workhouse," and on May 10th following another entry to the following effect:—" Order in vestry for Churchwardens and Overseers with all speed to borrow £50 to pay for materials and workmanship about the Workhouse in the
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