History Of Brighton And Environs - Online Book

From The Earliest Known Period To The Present Time.

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23
building of it, to be repaid out of the poor rate or taxes to be raised in the parish on or before May 10, 1728. At a public vestry meeting held at the Old Ship, October 18, 1727, it was agreed that the Churchwardens and Overseers should take up with all convenient speed and borrow £100, upon interest at 5 per centum per annum, towards building the New Workhouse. It is evident this Workhouse was of a very limited extent, for in 1733, a portion of the Alms­houses in connection with the chauntry of " St. Bartho­lomew," and which was sold for £17, was added to the building. (The spot is now occupied by the east portion of the "Brighton Market.") In consequence of the great increase of the " poors-rates,"—which amounted in 1736 to 8d. in the £ rack rent,—it was then considered an almost intolerable burthen to the parish. This increase in the rates had arisen from the inroads of the sea and the injury experienced by the town from the civil and foreign wars of that and the preceding century. The pressure of taxation was so great upon the[inhabitants,—although the following order of the Commissioners had rigidly been carried out by the authorities, to wit, " That if any owner or lessor of any house within Brighthelmston shall admit any tenant or tenants, under tenant or under tenants into his said house, except the said tenant or tenants shall by the opinion of the Constable and Churchwardens in writing—first, to be set down,—be thought of sufficient ability to maintain himself and his family without burtheniny the town, then the said owner or lessor shall forfeit, for every month that any such tenant not being estimated as aforesaid shall inhabit or dwell in his said house, to the poor man's box, 3s. Id.,"—that an application was made by the authorities of the town to the Justices, at the Quarter Sessions at Lewes, for assistance, who had the power under the Act of Parliament, the 18th of Elizabeth, to make an order on the parishes in the neighbourhood that had few poor of their own, which was accordingly
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