History Of Brighton And Environs - Online Book

From The Earliest Known Period To The Present Time.

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201
Hastingford is Uisge or Is ; tynn, valley ; fford, a way or passage: the river valley crossing. Swanboro is from Uisge and Afon, both meaning a river or stream, and byrrhos, a low meadow, or the Anglo-Saxon burgh. Iford and Itford are both the river crossing. Upper Kise is from Yr uisge, the river: Northease is North uisge ; and Southease South uisge; Asham is uisge and the Anglo-Saxon ham, a town. Piddinghoe is Pen dwyn— the bank place—and the Anglo-Saxon or Danish hooe, a little rise.":;:
We find it recorded that in Lewes Athelstan established two Mint-houses, also that it was the chief town and mart in this shire, and is mentioned in the King's ordinance for prohibiting the coinage of money except in towns of especial note.
Here is an interesting relic of the past in relation to the Mint and other matters,—"During the Reign of the Saxons, King Athelstan, after he had repair'd divers Monasteries, and endow'd them with divers Privileges, Lands and Reliques, betook himself to such Methods by which he might also beautify and advantage the Cities and Towns of his Kingdom; and to that End made a Law, that no Money should be coin'd but in Cities and Towns only, and among others appointed two Mint-houses to be set up here. When in the reign of William the Norman, Domesday-Book was compos'd, it is there observ'd, that this Town, in the Reign of King Edward the Confessor, paid 6/. 4s. for Tax and Toll, and that the King had here 127 burgesses. It was also their Custom, that if the King had a Mind to send his Soldiers to Sea without them, of all of them, whosoever the Lands were, there should be collected 20s. to be given to those that served the Ships. That whoever sold an Horse in the Borough should give the Provost one Penny, and the
* For this quotation we are indebted to an able article in the Brighton Herald of some time since.
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