History Of Brighton And Environs - Online Book

From The Earliest Known Period To The Present Time.

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205
Buyer another ; for an Ox or Cow an Half-penny, and for a Man four Pence, wheresoever in the Rape he buys ; that he that sheds Blood should pay 7s. and he that commits Adultery or a Rape 8s. id. and the Woman as much, and the King should have the Adulterer, and the Archbishop the Woman; that when Money was new-made, every Mint-master should pay 20s. Of all these payments, two Parts went to the King, and a third to the Earl."
Lewes is situated on the banks of the Ouse, within six or seven miles of the sea. It is included in the Hundred of Swanborough and Rape of Lewes, and possesses a Castle, which was formerly the residence of the Lords of Lewes, ar>d at one time the citadel of the town, until the failure of the male line of the De Warrennes, in 1347, when it became the property of the Earl of Arundel, and was allowed to decay. Originally an oblong fortification guarded by two keeps or fortresses,—these on artificial mounts. Of the eastern keep scarcely a vestige remains, and other portions of this once famous building are fast succumbing to the ravages of time. The Castle in the days of ancient warfare might have been considered almost impregnable, but the war engines now in use would speedily raze it to the ground, an opinion ratified by that illustrious warrior and great military authority, Sir Hope Grant, whilst in company with the author of this work, upon the Castle's summit, — the early part of the present year, — both spectators of the picturesque scenery surrounding.
Under the Saxons, Lewes Castle flourished, and gave the title of Earl to its possessor, and the only case analogous hereunto, we believe, is that of Arundel Castle, which gives the same privilege to its owner,—this latter feudal right being still in existence. The double gateway leading into the Castle is of mixed architecture, and the inner arch has every appearance of Saxon origin, whilst the outer is, probably, of the more modern style, somewhat resembling that of Henry III.
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