The rise and progress of the town and the history of its institutions & people.

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124                      HISTORY OF EAST GRINSTEAD.
inquest report had made an error, but the following appears as a codicil to the same will:
He did bequeath and give by words nuncupative unto James Duffeilde, Stephen ffrench and George Harman churchwardens of East Greensteade and their successors wardens there for ever to the onlie use of the most neede poore persons of East Greensteade all that tenement or orcharde wth th'app'tancs wh he late leased to one John Hastings and wch was sometime possessed of one Baylies widow paying the services to the chiefe lorde thereof.
The above testator, John Payne, was son of George Payne, of East Grinstead, who died in 1538, grandson of John Payne, of Pixtons, in Forest Row, who died in 1507, and an ancestor of Robert Payne, who founded the free school in East Grinstead in 1708.
This ancient and very widespread charity has a deeply interesting history. Henry Smith, commonly known as " Dog Smith," was a citizen and alderman of London, and by a deed dated October 20th, 1620, he conveyed all his real estates in Sussex, Middlesex and London for charitable uses, subject to the Trustees paying him 500 a year for his own use. He at first retained power of revocation, but after a time withdrew this, and then, becoming dissatisfied, brought an action against his Trustees, and as a result, in a decree dated June 20th, 1626, they were ordered to let him have the use, for life, of his mansion in Silver Street, London, and all the profits arising therefrom. In a deed bearing date January 20th, 1626-7, he fully set forth his intentions as to the class of people he desired to benefit by his large gifts. His primary intention was to help the poor and infirm and he ordered that none of his money was to go " to or for the relief of any persons who should be given to excessive drinking, common swearers, pilferers, or otherwise notoriously scandalous, or to any persons that should have been incorrigible or disobedient to those whose servants they should have been or to any vagrant persons." He further directed that all recipients of his bounty must have resided five years in the parish before
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