The Sussex Coast - online book

A Literary & Historical travel guide to the Sussex Coast

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PEVENSEY                             293
Sewers for the Levels in whose charge it is. Holinshed tells us that "into Peuenseie hauen diuerse waters doo resort," but soon after his time the inning was complete and Pevensey had ceased to have a haven at all. The walls that enclose Anderida form an irregular oval and seem to follow the direction of an ancient British defence. They are of immense solidity, over 12 feet thick, with a core of rubble flint and faced with small stones of very neat masonry ; there are a plinth of green sandstone and three string-courses, the upper one of brick. To secure their permanence on marshy soil elaborate precautions were taken, piles were driven, huge timbers laid across in places, foundations of puddled clay, rammed chalk and of a flint concrete were supplied, but in spite of it all about a third of the circuit has fallen and much more would have gone but for modern support. At intervals are apsidal towers, two of these flank the principal entrance ; on the western side there were three other gates, the north one having the curious arrangement of a curved passage through the wall, which can be seen close to where a large section has fallen. A bank of clay against the walls within may possibly be a relic of the earth­works, though in the excavations carried out under the direction of F. L. Salzmann (to whom this account is indebted) no trace of pre-Roman occupation was found.
Anderida having been built so late in the period of Roman rule no cultured city grew up there before the Legions were withdrawn, and excavation only revealed the sites of wattle-huts with fire­places, the old quarters probably of the Classiarii Britannici, or marines used for the defence of the Saxon shore (a few bricks with their marks
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