bestiall maners to honest behauor, and in conclusion causyng theim to knowe vertue from vice, pollicie from rudenes, and humain honestie from sauage liuyng." *
Among other prisoners confined at Pevensey Castle was Joan of Navarre, daughter of Charles the Bad; she was the second wife of Henry IV., and he was her second husband; the union was far from happy and he said that she was a witch.
At the time of the Spanish Armada Pevensey Castle was in a dilapidated state, and the order went out that it should either be destroyed or repaired, but instead of either it was left alone. A gun of the period lies on the grass of Anderida, roughly mounted. It now forms part of the wide possessions of the Dukes of Devonshire, who have been kind in permitting excavation.
Standing on a low hill that once rose an island from tidal flats it commands a fine view from the top of the ruined walls, of which the photograph opposite page 298 may give some idea. A writer in the Gentleman s Magazine for 1805 rather exaggerates in declaring that "this ancient fabric is situated on a craggy steep." It inspired, however, a sonnet by the clerical poet, William Lisle Bowles (1762-1850), which may be worth quoting.
"Fallen pile ! I ask not what has been thy fate, But when the weak winds, wafted from the main, Through each lone arch, like spirits that complain, Come hollow to my ear, I meditate.
On this world's passing pageant, and the lot Of those who once might proudly, in their prime, Have stood with giant port, till, bowed by time Or injury, their ancient boast forgot.
* From Ellis's edition, 1809.